Pediatric Specialties — Pediatric Nephrology
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Definitions

Pediatric Nephrology Photo

Hypertension - Also known as high blood pressure, hypertension occurs when the force of the blood flow is too high, stretching the tissue that makes up the walls of arteries beyond its healthy limit. This can often lead to heart attack and heart failure, stroke, kidney failure, and other health consequences.

Dialysis - A process for removing waste products and water from the blood when the kidney is no longer able to perform its functions.

Hematuria - The presence of blood in the urine. Blood that you can see is called gross hematuria. Urinary blood that's visible only under a microscope is known as microscopic hematuria and is uncovered after a urine test.

Hydronephrosis - Typically occurring with another disease, hydronephrosis is a condition in which the kidney swells, due to a backup of urine.

Kidney cysts - A cyst is a closed pocket or pouch of tissue filled with fluid or air that can form anywhere in the body. Cysts that form on the kidneys usually contain fluid. One or more cysts may develop on small tubes in the kidneys. The simple kidney cyst is different from the cysts that develop when a person has polycystic kidney disease, which is a genetic disease

Kidney disease - Kidney disease is a condition, most often caused by diabetes or high blood pressure, in which the small blood vessels in the kidneys are damaged, making the kidneys unable to do their job. Waste then builds up in the blood, harming the body. 

Proteinuria - Also called albuminuria or urine albumin, proteinuria is an abnormally high amount of protein in the urine. It occurs when proteins from the blood leak into the urine when the filters of the kidney, called glomeruli, are damaged. Proteinuria is a sign of chronic kidney disease (CKD), which can result from diabetes, high blood pressure, and diseases that cause inflammation in the kidney 

Transplantation - A kidney transplant is a surgical procedure that replaces a diseased kidney or kidneys with a healthy kidney. The transplanted kidney takes over the work of the kidneys that have failed, eliminating the need for dialysis.