Adrenal glands - Located above each kidney, these glands make cortisol, androgens and aldosterone, hormones that regulate sodium (salt) balance, blood sugar, blood pressure and play a role in sexual development during puberty.

Calcium, phosphorus and bone disorders - Hypocalcemia (low serum calcium concentration) and hypercalcemia (high serum calcium concentration) as well as disorders resulting in defective mineralization of bone in children, including various types of rickets.

Diabetes Mellitus - Diabetes mellitus is a disease that causes problems with the body’s ability to make and use insulin, an important hormone that transports glucose (sugar) out of the bloodstream and into cells waiting to use the glucose for energy. Diabetes is a chronic disorder of the metabolism. For pediatric diabetics and their families, a diagnosis of diabetes means there will be careful monitoring of these factors: blood sugar and insulin levels, nutrition, physical activity, and response to emotional stress. Learn more about treatment, research and support for pediatric patients with diabetes.

Endocrinologist - A physician that specializes in the function of the endocrine system and treatment of its disorders.

Gender identity disordersConditions in which children and adolescents feel they belong in a different gender.

Hypoglycemia - Lower than normal blood sugar levels.

Lipid disorders - Abnormal levels of triglycerides or cholesterol in the blood.

Metabolic syndrome - A combination of risk factors that increase the risk for heart disease and diabetes.

Sexual differentiation disorders - Includes children with abnormal genital development or sexual differentiation.

Thyroid disorders - Disorders when the thyroid gland is overactive or underactive or when the thyroid gland is enlarged (goiter), including thyroid nodules.